Comparing Ethics Codes for Experienced Counselors
This short article looks at the distinctions concerning the codes of ethics offered by three experienced counseling corporations The American Counseling Association, The American Affiliation of Christian Counselors and the American Association of Pastoral Counselors. The report examines the dissimilarities in the memberships of the organization, the ensuing variations in the organizations’ code of ethics and discusses one particular missing aspect in just about every code.
Typical Observations on the 3 Codes
The codes reviewed down below ended up posted by the American Counseling Association (ACA, 2005), the American Affiliation of Christian Counselors (AACC, 2004), and the American Association of Pastoral Counselors (AAPC, 1993).
The ACA Code of Ethics is revised each individual 10 decades and was very last revised in 2005. The code has 8 sections: the counseling marriage, confidentiality, qualified duty, associations with other specialists, evaluations, supervision and education, exploration, and resolving ethical concerns. Counseling Nowadays summarized the Code’s new alterations to incorporate: improved emphasis on multiculturalism enabling twin associations if it features possibly useful interactions broadened satisfactory use of technology in investigate, file keeping and counseling much more depth language on counselor impairment and transfer of clients and last but not least, improvements in numerous conditions but not the indicating as an case in point “exams” are now referred to as “assessments”. (Highlights of ACA Code of Ethics, 2005)
The AACC code was finalized in 2004 soon after 10 a long time and 4 provisional codes. This is the longest of the three codes. The Code’s important sections are: applicability of the code, introduction and mission assertion, Biblical basis rules, moral expectations, and procedural regulations. The moral criteria segment is divided between the a variety of classes of membership. The AACC Code includes the most intensive portion on resolving conflicts and handling of grievances.
The AAPC is the shortest of the 3 codes. The code was final revised in 1993 and at this time the procedural portion was divided from the Code of Ethics (Beck, 1997). The Code has 7 sections: prologue, skilled techniques, customer interactions, confidentiality, supervisee, scholar and personnel interactions, interprofessional interactions and advertising.
Track record of corporations
The ACA, AACC and AAPC, as corporations, have different charters and membership.
The ACA is an organization geared towards offering services to specialist accredited counselors from all backgrounds and planet-sights. For illustration, a member could have a earth-look at dependent in atheism, Buddhism, Islam or Christianity. The ACA are not able to presume any comparable ethical perception or background among the its member.
The AACC membership has a wide element in the definition of counselor and a narrow part in that the members are Christian. The AACC Code of Ethics encompasses sections relevant to qualified certified counselors, pastoral counselors, and lay helpers.
The AAPC has the narrowest of memberships. Full membership in AAPC demands the member have an M. Div and be ordained by a denominational firm. The denominational group does not have to be a Christian denomination. The AAPC Code in the Prologue area especially states the counselors are also issue to their dominations code of ethics.
Moral Descriptors Comparison
In comparing two Christian codes from the American Affiliation of Pastoral Counselors and the Christian Association for Psychological Experiments with two secular codes from the American Counseling Association and the American Psychological Affiliation, Beck the works by using the 23 crucial moral descriptors. The descriptors are from Williams Index of Ethical Code Terminology that was discovered by Austin, Moline, and Williams (1990) as contained in the 6 codes they examined (Beck, 1997). Table 1 consists of the 23 descriptors, further terms determined and cross-references the respective codes sections to each descriptor or phrase.
The ACA Code has all of the 23 ethical descriptors mentioned by Beck and most of the added conditions. The only area that the ACA Code does not include things like is the specific treatment sections involved in the AACA Code connected to substance abuse, abortion, divorce, client sexual affairs, and homosexual behaviors.
The AACC Code handles all the descriptors except for refusal of therapy, fraud, techniques and like the AAPC Code does not include things like the additional descriptors similar to the use of know-how, consultation and forensic analysis.
The AAPC Code consists of the the very least descriptors of the a few codes. It does not contain the descriptors related to measurement screening, safety, reporting colleagues, multicultural clients, groups, unique treatment cases, technological know-how, session or forensic evaluations.
Even however the codes may perhaps involve sections connected to each and every descriptor, it does not abide by that just about every Code delivers for very similar treatment of the descriptors. Two illustrations of descriptors that are taken care of in another way are suicide and twin relationships.
Portion A.9 of the ACA Code discusses suicide. This area leaves the decision to help or not guidance assisted suicide up to the counselor and states that the counselor really should try to “permit purchasers to work out the greatest diploma of self-determination achievable”. The AACC Code discusses suicide in segment E1-127. The AACC Code supplies counselors have to refuse to “condone or advocate for energetic sorts of euthanasia and assisted suicide”. The AAPC Code does not offer with this topic. A counselor who is a member of the ACA and AACC would be subject matter to conflicting Codes of Ethics in the spot linked to counselor actions in regards to assisted suicide.
The change connected to twin interactions are not as apparent as in suicide, but the language of the 3 codes does look to present of spectrum of suggestions on dual relationships.
The ACA Code, in 2005, was modified to lessen the restriction on twin relationships. Area A.5.d of the ACA Code now will allow a dual marriage if the partnership is valuable to the counseling relationship. The ACA wording appears suggest an acceptance of dual associations. Portion ES 1-140 to 1-146 of the AACC Code condition that some twin associations are unethical. The AACC Code does allow for for an exception but states that is crucial for the counselor to document the dual relationship and to plainly doc the logic for the romance in the consumer notes. The language used in the AACC Code appears to be fewer supportive of dual relationships than the ACA Code. The AAPC Code seems to be the most restrictive in stating in Theory III E. ” We prevent dual marriage with customers… which could impair our professional judgment”. The AAPC Code does not acknowledge a optimistic twin partnership or present steerage on how to ascertain or take care of a beneficial dual marriage.
Hathaway (2001) raises the question of what basis is provided to assistance the ethics code? He goes on to notice that Christian and secular skilled codes are comparable on numerous sizeable details. He causes that this is because of to the actuality that all mental health professionals are educated in the very same or comparable training packages, operate in the very same ecosystem and operate towards the similar objectives. A identical query is elevated by Freeman, Engels, and Altekruse (2004) when they said, ” those who practice…behavioral sciences regularly make ethical/ethical judgments about the appropriateness or inappropriateness of particular steps, but what is the foundation for this sort of judgment? How are they justified?” The one element lacking from all three versions is the foundation for the moral final decision-making. This leaves the practitioner without the need of a supportive framework to reference in conditions that do drop exactly into the norm or where sections of numerous codes conflict as mentioned higher than. The Tarasoff situation as referenced by Freeman et al. (2004) is a superior illustration of this trouble. The 3 codes need the counselor to retain confidentiality of info relevant to the counselee and counseling sessions. But how does the counselor know when a competing factor of the code, these kinds of as do no harm, would outweigh an additional part with no a sound being familiar with of the theoretically underpinnings of the code and/or a outlined final decision-earning design.
As the decision producing model is still left up to the authors of the codes, these code will be subject to continuous redrafting to fulfill modifying examples of ethical challenges that are introduced.
American Affiliation of Christian Counselors. (2004). AACC Code of Ethics. Alexandria, Va.
American Affiliation of Pastoral Counselors. (1993). Code of Ethics. Fairfax, Va.
American Counseling Affiliation. (2005). ACA Code of Ethics. Alexandria, Va.
Austin, K.M., Moline, M.E., & Williams, G.T. (1990). Confronting Malpractice: Authorized and Ethical Dilemmas in Psychotherapy. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage.
Beck, J. (1997). Christian Codes, Are They Far better? Christian Counseling Ethics (pp. 313-325). Downers Grove, Illinois: Intervarsity Push.
Freeman, S., Engels, D., & Altekruse, M. (2004, April). Basis for ethical expectations and codes: The role of moral philosophy and principle in ethics. Counseling and Values, 48, 163-174.
Hathaway, W. (2001). Prevalent Feeling Expert Ethics: A Christian Appraisal. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 29, 224-233.
Highlights of ACA Code of Ethics. (2005, October). Counseling Now, 1,16-17,63.